Electrical Power Generation
The Country’s energy demand had grown at an annual consumption growth rate of
4.8% in the past five years but now it is expected to grow at 8 to 10% per annum
till the end of current decade. Therefore, need exists for a high and sustained
growth in energy supply and infrastructure capacity of 7 - 8% per annum to
support the steady growth in the Country’s GDP. Hydel power being most
inexpensive, needs utmost attention.
Power & Alternative Energy Sectors of Pakistan
Pakistan has abundant energy resources, which need to be harnessed through an
institutionalized strategy for optimum utilization. The Government has set out
an action plan to achieve exploration and maximum utilization of indigenous
resources like oil, gas, coal and
alternative sources like solar and wind energy
etc. Maximum participation of the private sector in this regard is encouraged.
Alternative / Renewable Energy
"Government of Pakistan is putting greater emphasis on Renewable Energy and has
set a target of 10% renewable energy or 2700 MW in the Country's energy mix by
The energy of water has been harnessed as early as the antiquity through the
water mill. Nowadays, this energy is used in hydroelectric power stations to
generate electricity. Its working principle is simple: water drives turbines,
which in turn drive alternators. These alternators turn the mechanical energy
developed by the turbines into electrical energy. The power of a hydro power
plant depends on the quantum and head of water that is available.
Natural gas is the world’s second most important fossil fuel and Natural gas is currently the world’s most
important source of energy. The investment associated with gas procurement is
projected to increase. Pakistan has signed a multi-billion dollar contract for
procuring gas through pipeline from Iran, while another from Turkmenistan is
poised to be signed after a bit calm in Afghanistan.
The earth receives an incredible supply of solar energy – the sun provides
sufficient energy in one minute to meet the world’s energy demand for a full
year. In one day it provides more than our current population would consume in
27 years. Solar energy is the cleanest source in environmental terms.
Power Sector of Pakistan - Key Statistics
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